U.S. National Parks & Monuments

There are 128 protected areas in the United States known as national monuments. The President of the United States can establish a national monument by presidential proclamation, while the United States Congress can do so by legislation.

National Monument Management by Federal Agencies

Eight federal agencies in five departments manage the 128 current U.S. national monuments. Of these, 114 monuments are managed by a single agency, while 14 are co-managed by two agencies. One of the NPS’s national monuments, Grand Canyon-Parashant, is not an official unit because it overlaps with Lake Mead National Recreation Area.

AgencyDepartmentCo-ManagedTotal Managed
National Park Service (NPS)Interior2 with BLM, 1 with FWS84
Bureau of Land Management (BLM)Interior2 with NPS, 5 with USFS28
United States Forest Service (USFS)Agriculture5 with BLM13
Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS)Interior5 with NOAA, 1 with NPS, 1 with DOE9
Department of Energy (DOE)Energy1 with FWS1
Armed Forces Retirement Home (AFRH)Defense1
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)Commerce5 with FWS5
United States Air Force (USAF)Defense1
Total (Excluding Duplications)128
The table National Monument Management by Federal Agencies was last modified at 2022-05-14 12:57:43 by Wayne.

US National Monuments (NPS)

Along with 62 National Parks, there are 84 National Monuments managed exclusively by the National Park Service (NPS).

NameLocationDateVisited
African Burial Ground National MonumentNew YorkFebruary 27, 2006
Agate Fossil Beds National MonumentNebraskaJune 14, 1997
Alibates Flint Quarries National MonumentTexasAugust 21, 1965
Aniakchak National MonumentAlaskaDecember 1, 1978
Aztec Ruins National MonumentNew MexicoJanuary 24, 1923
Bandelier National MonumentNew MexicoFebruary 11, 1916
Belmont-Paul Women's Equality National MonumentDistrict of ColumbiaApril 12, 2016
Birmingham Civil Rights National MonumentAlabamaJanuary 12, 2017
Booker T. Washington National MonumentVirginiaApril 2, 1956
Buck Island Reef National MonumentUS Virgin IslandsDecember 28, 1961
Cabrillo National MonumentCaliforniaOctober 14, 1913
Camp Nelson Heritage National MonumentKentuckyOctober 26, 2018
Canyon de Chelly National MonumentArizonaApril 1, 1931
Cape Krusenstern National MonumentAlaskaDecember 1, 1978
Capulin Volcano National MonumentNew MexicoAugust 9, 1916
Casa Grande Ruins National MonumentArizonaAugust 3, 1918
Castillo de San Marcos National MonumentFloridaOctober 15, 1924
Castle Clinton National MonumentNew YorkAugust 12, 1946
Castle Mountains National MonumentCaliforniaFebruary 12, 2016
Cedar Breaks National MonumentUtahAugust 22, 1933
César E. Chávez National MonumentCaliforniaOctober 8, 2012
Charles Young Buffalo Soldiers National MonumentOhioMarch 25, 2013
Chiricahua National MonumentArizonaApril 18, 1924
Colorado National MonumentColoradoMay 24, 1911
Craters of the Moon National MonumentIdahoMay 2, 1924
Devils Postpile National MonumentCaliforniaJuly 6, 1911
Devils Tower National MonumentWyomingSeptember 24, 1906
Dinosaur National MonumentColorado, UtahOctober 4, 1915
Effigy Mounds National MonumentIowaOctober 25, 1949
El Malpais National MonumentNew MexicoDecember 31, 1987
El Morro National MonumentNew MexicoDecember 8, 1906
Florissant Fossil Beds National MonumentColoradoAugust 20, 1969
Fort Frederica National MonumentGeorgiaMay 26, 1936
Fort Matanzas National MonumentFloridaOctober 15, 1924
Fort McHenry National MonumentMarylandMarch 3, 1925
Fort Monroe National MonumentVirginiaNovember 1, 2011
Fort Pulaski National MonumentGeorgiaOctober 15, 1924
Fort Stanwix National MonumentNew YorkAugust 21, 1935
Fort Union National MonumentNew MexicoApril 5, 1956
Fossil Butte National MonumentWyomingOctober 23, 1972
Freedom Riders National MonumentAlabamaJanuary 12, 2017
George Washington Birthplace National MonumentVirginiaJanuary 23, 1930
George Washington Carver National MonumentMissouriJuly 14, 1943
Gila Cliff Dwellings National MonumentNew MexicoNovember 16, 1907
Governors Island National MonumentNew YorkJanuary 19, 2001
Grand Canyon - Parashant National MonumentArizonaJanuary 11, 2000
Grand Portage National MonumentMinnesotaJanuary 27, 1960
Hagerman Fossil Beds National MonumentIdahoNovember 18, 1988
Hohokam Pima National MonumentArizonaOctober 21, 1972
Homestead National MonumentNebraskaMarch 19, 1936
Hovenweep National MonumentColorado, UtahMarch 2, 1923
Jewel Cave National MonumentSouth DakotaFebruary 7, 1908
John Day Fossil Beds National MonumentOregonOctober 26, 1974
Katahdin Woods and Waters National MonumentMaineAugust 24, 2016
Lava Beds National MonumentCaliforniaNovember 21, 1925
Little Bighorn Battlefield National MonumentMontanaJuly 1, 1940
Mill Springs BattlefieldKentuckyMarch 12, 2019
Montezuma Castle National MonumentArizonaDecember 8, 1906
Muir Woods National MonumentCaliforniaJanuary 9, 1908
Natural Bridges National MonumentUtahApril 16, 1908
Navajo National MonumentArizonaMarch 20, 1909
Oregon Caves National MonumentOregonJuly 12, 1909
Organ Pipe Cactus National MonumentArizonaApril 13, 1937
Petroglyph National MonumentNew MexicoJune 27, 1990
Pipe Spring National MonumentArizonaMay 31, 1923
Pipestone National MonumentMinnesotaAugust 25, 1937
Poverty Point National MonumentLouisianaOctober 31, 1988
Pullman National MonumentIllinoisFebruary 19, 2015
Rainbow Bridge National MonumentUtahMay 30, 1910
Russell Cave National MonumentAlabamaMay 11, 1961
Salinas Pueblo Missions National MonumentNew MexicoNovember 1, 1909
Scotts Bluff National MonumentNebraskaDecember 12, 1919
Statue of Liberty National MonumentNew York, New JerseyOctober 15, 1924
Stonewall National MonumentNew YorkJune 24, 2016
Sunset Crater Volcano National MonumentArizonaMay 30, 1930
Timpanogos Cave National MonumentUtahOctober 14, 1922
Tonto National MonumentArizonaOctober 21, 1907
Tule Lake National MonumentCaliforniaDecember 5, 2008
Tule Springs Fossil Beds National MonumentNevadaDecember 19, 2014
Tuzigoot National MonumentArizonaJuly 25, 1939
Virgin Islands Coral Reef National MonumentUS Virgin IslandsJanuary 17, 2001
Waco Mammoth National MonumentTexasJuly 10, 2015
Walnut Canyon National MonumentArizonaNovember 30, 1915
Wupatki National MonumentArizonaDecember 9, 1924
Yucca House National MonumentColoradoDecember 19, 1919
The table US National Monuments (NPS) was last modified at 2022-05-14 12:55:14 by Wayne.

US National Monuments (BLM & Other agencies)

NameLocationDate EstablishedAgencyVisited
Admiralty IslandAlaskaDecember 1, 1978USFS2017
Agua FriaArizonaJanuary 11, 2000BLM
Aleutian Islands World War IIAlaskaDecember 5, 2008FWS
Basin and RangeNevadaJuly 10, 2015BLM
Bears EarsUtahDecember 28, 2016BLM, USFS
Berryessa Snow MountainCaliforniaJuly 10, 2015USFS, BLM
Browns CanyonColoradoFebruary 19, 2015BLM, USFS
California CoastalCaliforniaJanuary 11, 2000BLM
Canyons of the AncientsColoradoJune 9, 2000BLM
Carrizo PlainCaliforniaJanuary 12, 2001BLM
Cascade–SiskiyouOregon, CaliforniaJune 9, 2000BLM
Chimney RockColoradoSeptember 21, 2012USFS
Fort OrdCaliforniaApril 20, 2012BLM
Giant SequoiaCaliforniaApril 15, 2000USFS
Gold ButteNevadaDecember 28, 2016BLM
Grand Staircase-EscalanteUtahSeptember 18, 1996BLM
Hanford ReachWashingtonJune 8, 2000FWS, DOE
Harriet Tubman Underground RailroadMarylandMarch 25, 2013FWS
Ironwood ForestArizonaJune 9, 2000BLM
JurassicUtahMarch 12, 2019BLM
Kasha-Katuwe Tent RocksNew MexicoJanuary 17, 2001BLM
Marianas Trench MarineNorthern Mariana Islands, GuamJanuary 6, 2009NOAA, FWS
Military Working Dog TeamsTexasOctober 28, 2013DOD
Misty FjordsAlaskaDecember 1, 1978USFS
Mojave TrailsCaliforniaFebruary 12, 2016BLM
Mount St. Helens VolcanicWashingtonAugust 27, 1982USFS
Newberry VolcanicOregonNovember 5, 1990USFS
Northeast Canyons and Seamounts MarineAtlantic OceanSeptember 15, 2016NOAA, FWS
Organ Mountains–Desert PeaksNew MexicoMay 21, 2014BLM
Pacific Remote Islands MarineUS Minor Outlying Islands south-southwest of HawaiiJanuary 6, 2009NOAA, FWS
Papahānaumokuākea MarineHawaii, U.S. Minor Outlying IslandsJune 15, 2006NOAA, FWS
Pompeys PillarMontanaJanuary 17, 2001BLM
Prehistoric TrackwaysNew MexicoMarch 30, 2009BLM
President Lincoln and Soldiers’ HomeDistrict of ColumbiaJuly 7, 2000AFRH
Río Grande del NorteNew MexicoMarch 25, 2013BLM
Rose Atoll MarineAmerican SamoaJanuary 6, 2009NOAA, FWS
Saint Francis Dam DisasterCaliforniaMarch 12, 2019USFS
San Gabriel MountainsCaliforniaOctober 10, 2014USFS
San Juan IslandsWashingtonMarch 25, 2013BLM
Sand to SnowCaliforniaFebruary 12, 2016BLM, USFS
Santa Rosa and San Jacinto MountainsCaliforniaOctober 24, 2000BLM, USFS
Sonoran DesertArizonaJanuary 17, 2001BLM
Upper Missouri River BreaksMontanaJanuary 17, 2001BLM
Vermilion CliffsArizonaNovember 9, 2000BLM
The table US National Monuments (BLM & Other agencies) was last modified at 2022-05-14 15:11:42 by Wayne.

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